1978
Mr. Ahmad Isma段li,
1978, Ahram, Killed

Mr. Diya置値lah Haqiqat,
Aug 13, Jahrum, Killed

Mr. Shir-Muhammad Dastpish,
Dec, Buyr-Ahmad, Mobbed

Mrs. 羨vad-Gul Fahandizh,
Dec 14, Shiraz, Mobbed

Mr. Sifatu値lah Fahandizh,
Dec 14, Shiraz, Mobbed

Mr. Khusraw Afnani,
Dec 22, Miyan-Duab, Mobbed

Mr. Parviz Afnani,
Dec 22, Miyan-Duab, Mobbed

1979

Mr. Ibrahim Ma地avi,
early 1979, Hisar, Killed

Mr. Haji-Muhmmad 羨zizi,
Jan 9, Khurmuj, Beaten

Mr. Husayn Shakuri,
Apr 2, Ushnaviyyih, Killed

Mr. 羨li-Akbar Khursandi,
Apr 12, Tehran, Hanged

Mr. Bahar Vujdani,
Sep 27, Mahabad, Executed

Mr. 羨li Sattarzadih,
Oct 28, Bukan, Killed

Mr. 羨zamatu値lah Fahandizh,
Dec 14, Shiraz, Executed

1980

Mr. Habibu値lah Panahi,
Feb 4, Urmia, Assassinated

Mr. Ghulam-Husayn A想ami,
May 6, Tehran, Executed

Mr. 羨li-Akbar Mu訴ni,
May 6, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Badi置値lah Yazdani,
May 6, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Parviz Bayani,
May 11, Piranshahr, Executed

Mr. Mir-Asadu値lah Mukhtari,
May 18, Andrun, Stoned

Mr. Hasan Isma段lzadih,
June, Sanandaj, Killed

Mr. Yusuf Subhani,
Jun 27, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Yadu値lah Astani,
Jul 14, Tabriz, Executed

Dr. Faramarz Samandari,
Jul 14, Tabriz, Executed

Mr. Muhammad Akbari,
Jul 16, Rasht, Executed

Mr. Yadu値lah Mahbubiyan,
Jul 30, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Dhabihu値lah Mu知ini,
Aug 15, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Nuru値lah Akhtar-Khavari,
Sep 8, Yazd, Executed

Mr. 羨zizu値lah Dhabihiyan,
Sep 8, Yazd, Executed

Mr. Firaydun Faridani,
Sep 8, Yazd, Executed

Mr. Mahmud Hasanzadih,
Sep 8, Yazd, Executed

Mr. 羨bdu値-Vahhab Kazimi-Manshadi,
Sep 8, Yazd, Executed

Mr. Jalal Mustaqim,
Sep 8, Yazd, Executed

Mr. 羨li Mutahari,
Sep 8, Yazd, Executed

Mr. Rida Firuzi,
Nov 9, Tabriz, Executed

Mr. Muhammad-Husayn Ma痴umi,
Nov 23, Birjand, Burned

Mrs. Shikkar-Nisa Ma痴umi,
Nov 23, Birjand, Burned

Mr. Bihruz Sana段,
Dec 17, Tehran, Executed

1981

Dr. Manuchihr Hakim,
Jan 12, Tehran, Assassinated

Mr. Mihdi Anvari,
Mar 17, Shiraz, Executed

Mr. Hidayatu値lah Dihqani,
Mar 17, Shiraz, Executed

Mrs. Nuraniyyih Yarshatir,
Apr, Shiraz, Assassinated

Mr. Sattar Khushkhu,
Apr 30, Shiraz, Executed

Mr. Ihsanu値lah Mihdi-Zadih,
Apr 30, Shiraz, Executed

Mr. Muhammad (Suhrab) Habibi,
Jun 14, Hamadan, Executed

Mr. Muhammad-Baqir(Suhayl)Habibi,
Jun 14, Hamadan, Executed

Mr. Husayn Khandil,
Jun 14, Hamadan, Executed

Mr. Tarazu値lah Khuzayn,
Jun 14, Hamadan, Executed

Mr. Husayn Mutlaq,
Jun 14, Hamadan, Executed

Dr. Firuz Na段mi,
Jun 14, Hamadan, Executed

Dr. Nasir Vafa段,
Jun 14, Hamadan, Executed

Mr. Buzurg 羨laviyan,
Jun 23, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Hashim Farnush,
Jun 23, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Farhang Mavaddat,
Jun 23, Tehran, Executed

Dr. Masih Farhangi,
Jun 24, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Badi置llah Farid,
Jun 24, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Yadu値lah Pustchi,
Jun 24, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Varqa Tibyaniyan (Tibyani),
Jun 24, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Kamalu壇-Din Bakhtavar,
Jul 26, Mashhad Executed

Mr. Ni知atu値lah Katibpur Shahidi,
Jul 26, Mashhad, Executed

Mr. 羨bdu値-羨li Asadyari,
Jul 29, Tabriz, Executed

Mr. Husayn Asadu値lah-Zadeh,
Jul 29, Tabriz, Executed

Mr. Mihdi Bahiri,
Jul 29, Tabriz, Executed

Dr. Masrur Dakhili,
Jul 29, Tabriz, Executed

Dr. Parviz Firuzi,
Jul 29, Tabriz, Executed

Mr. Manuchihr Khadi棚,
Jul 29, Tabriz, Executed

Mr. Allah-Virdi Mithaqi,
Jul 29, Tabriz, Executed

Mr. Habibu値lah Tahqiqi,
Jul 29, Tabriz, Executed

Mr. Isma段l Zihtab,
Jul 29, Tabriz, Executed

Mr. Husayn Rastigar-Namdar,
Aug 5, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Habibu値lah 羨zizi,
Aug 29, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Bahman 羨tifi,
Sep 11, Isfahan, Executed

Mr. 選zzat Atifi,
Sep 11, Isfahan, Executed

Mr. Ahmad Ridvani,
Sep 11, Isfahan, Executed

Mr. Ata置値lah Rawhani,
Sep 11, Isfahan, Executed

Mr. Gushtasb Thabit-Rasikh,
Sep 11, Isfahan, Executed

Mr. Yadu値lah Sipihr-Arfa,
Oct 23, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Mihdi Amin-Amin,
Dec 27, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Jalal 羨zizi,
Dec 27, Tehran, Executed

Dr. 選zzatu値lah Furuhi,
Dec 27, Tehran, Executed

Mrs.Zhinus Ni知at Mahmudi,
Dec 27, Tehran, Executed

Dr. Mahmud Majdhub,
Dec 27, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Qudratu値lah Rawhani,
Dec 27, Tehran, Executed

Dr. Sirus Rawshani,
Dec 27, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Kamran Samimi,
Dec 27, Tehran, Executed

1982

Mrs. Shiva Mahmudi Asadu値lah-Zadeh,
Jan 4, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Iskandar 羨zizi,
Jan 4, Tehran, Executed

Mrs. Shidrukh Amir-Kiya Baqa,
Jan 4, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Fathu値lah Firdawsi,
Jan 4, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Khusraw Muhandisi,
Jan 4, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Kurush Tala段,
Jan 4, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Ata置値lah Yavari,
Jan 4, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Ibrahim Khayrkhah,
Feb 22, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Husayn Vahdat Haqq,
Feb 28, Tehran, Executed

Mr. 羨skar Muhammadi,
Apr 2, Kerman, Assassinated

Mr. Ihsanu値lah Khayyami,
Apr 12, Urmia, Executed

Mr. 羨zizu値lah Gulshani,
Apr 29, Mashhad, Executed

Mrs. Ishraqiyyih Faruhar,
May 8, Karaj, Executed

Mr. Mahmud Faruhar,
May 8, Karaj, Executed

Mr. Badi置値lah Haqpaykar,
May 8, Karaj, Executed

Mr. Agahu値lah Tizfahm,
May 10, Urmia, Executed

Miss Jalaliyyih Mushta il Usku段,
May 10, Urmia, Executed

Mrs. Iran Rahimpur (Khurma段),
May 12, Dizful, Executed

Mr. Nasru値lah Amini,
May 16, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Sa壇u値lah Babazadeh,
May 16, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Ata置値lah Haqqani,
Jun 1, Tehran, Killed

Mr. Muhammad Abbasi,
Jul 9, Qazvin, Executed

Mr. Jadidu値lah Ashraf,
Jul 9, Qazvin, Executed

Mr. Manuchihr Farzanih Mu誕yyad,
Jul 9, Qazvin, Executed

Mr. Muhammad Mansuri,
Jul 9, Qazvin, Executed

Mr. Manuchihr Vafa段,
Jul 9, Tehran, Assassinated

Mr. 羨bbas-Ali Sadiqipur,
Jul 15, Shiraz, Executed

Mr. 羨li Na段miyan,
Aug 11, Urmia, Executed

Mr. Habibu値lah Awji,
Nov 16, Shiraz, Executed

Mr. Dhiya置値lah Ahrari,
Nov 21, Shiraz, Executed

Mr. Husayn Nayyiri-Isfahani,
Nov 29, Isfahan, Died in Prison

Mrs. Guldanih 羨lipur,
Dec 24, Sari, Mobbed

1983

Mr. Hidayatu値lah Siyavushi,
Jan 1, Shiraz, Executed

Mr. Yadu値lah Mahmudnizhad,
Mar 12, Shiraz, Executed

Mr. Rahmatu値lah Vafa段,
Mar 12, Shiraz, Executed

Mrs. Tuba Za段rpur,
Mar 12, Shiraz, Executed

Mr. Adadu値lah (Aziz) Zaydi,
Apr 1, Miyan-Duab, Killed

Mr. Jalal Hakiman,
May 1, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Suhayl Safa段,
May 1, Tehran, Executed

Dr. Bahram Afnan,
Jun 16, Shiraz, Executed

Mr. 羨bdu値-Husayn Azadi,
Jun 16, Shiraz, Executed

Mr. Kurush Haqbin,
Jun 16, Shiraz, Executed

Mr. 選nayatu値lah Ishraqi,
Jun 16, Shiraz, Executed

Mr. Jamshid Siyavushi,
LSA, Jun 16, Shiraz, Executed

Mr. Bahram Yalda段,
Jun 16, Shiraz, Executed

Miss Shahin(Shirin) Dalvand,
Jun 18, Shiraz, Executed

Mrs. 選zzat Janami Ishraqi,
Jun 18, Shiraz, Executed

Miss Ru馳a Ishraqi,
Jun 18, Shiraz, Executed

Miss Muna Mahmudnizhad,
Jun 18, Shiraz, Executed

Miss Zarrin Muqimi-Abyanih,
Jun 18, Shiraz, Executed

Miss Mahshid Nirumand,
Jun 18, Shiraz, Executed

Miss Simin Sabiri,
Jun 18, Shiraz, Executed

Mrs. Tahirih Arjumandi Siyavushi,
Jun 18, Shiraz, Executed

Miss Akhtar Thabit,
Jun 18, Shiraz, Executed

Mrs. Nusrat Ghufrani Yalda段,
Jun 18, Shiraz, Executed

Mr. Suhayl Hushmand,
Jun 28, Shiraz, Executed

Mr. Ahmad-羨li Thabit-Sarvistani,
Jun 30, Shiraz, Died in Prison

Mr. Muhammad Ishraqi,
Aug 31, Tehran, Died in Prison

Mr. Akbar Haqiqi,
Sep 19, Khuy, Mobbed

Mr. Bahman Dihqani,
Nov 19, Muhammadiyyih, Mobbed

Mr. 羨bdu値-Majid Mutahhar,
Dec 15, Isfahan, Died in Prison

1984

Mr. Rahmatu値lah Hakiman,
Jan 11, Kerman, Died in Prison

Mr. Ghulam-Husayn Hasanzadih-Shakiri,
Mar 10, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Muhsin Radavi,
Mar 13, Tehran, Died in Prison

Mr. Nusrat置llah Diya段,
Mar 19, Kerman Died in Prison

Mr. Kamran Lutfi,
Apr 9, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Rahim Rahimiyan,
Apr 9, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Yadu値lah Sabiriyan,
Apr 9, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Asadu値lah Kamil-Muqaddam,
May 2, Tehran, Died in Prison

Mr. Maqsud 羨lizadih,
May 5, Tabriz, Executed

Mr. Jalal Payravi,
May 5, Tabriz, Executed

Mr. Jahangir Hidayati,
May 15, Tehran, Executed

Mr. 羨li-Muhammad Zamani,
May 15, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Nusratu値lah Vahdat,
Jun 17, Mashhad, Executed

Mr. Ihsanu値lah Kathiri,
Jun 27, Tehran, Executed

Dr. Manuchihr Ruhi,
Aug 16, Bujnurd, Executed

Mr. Aminu値lah Qurbanpur,
Aug 25, Tehran, Died in Prison

Mr. Rustam Varjavandi,
Sep 15, Tehran, Died in Prison

Mr. Shapur (Hushang) Markazi,
Sep 23, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Firuz Purdil,
Oct 30, Mashhad, Executed

Mr. Ahmad Bashiri,
Nov 1, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Yunis Nawruzi-Iranzad,
Nov 1, Karaj

Mr. 羨lirida Niyakan,
Nov 11, Tabriz, Died in Prison

Mr. Diya置値lah Mai段-Usku段,
Nov 13, Tabriz, Died in Prison

Dr. Farhad Asdaqi,
Nov 19, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Firuz Athari,
Dec 9, Karaj, Executed

Mr. Ghulam-Husayn Farhand LSA,
Dec 9 Tehran (Karaj) Executed

Mr. 選nayatu値lah Haqiqi,
Dec 9, Karaj, Executed

Mr. Jamal Kashani,
Dec 9, Karaj, Executed

Mr. Jamshid Pur-Ustadkar,
Dec 9, Karaj, Executed

Dr. Ruhu値lah Ta鼠im,
Dec 9, Tehran (Kirmanshah), Executed

1985

Mr. Ruhu値lah Hasuri,
Jan 21, Yazd, Executed

Mr. Ruhu値lah Bahramshahi,
Feb 25, Yazd, Executed

Mr. Nusratu値lah Subhani,
Mar 5, Tehran, Executed

Mr. 羨bbas Idilkhani,
Aug 1, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Rahmatu値lah Vujdani,
Aug 31, Bandar-羨bbas, Executed

Mr. Nur置d-Din Ta段fi,
Oct 12, Gurgan (Kirmanshah), Died in Prison

Mr. 羨zizu値lah Ashjari,
Nov 19, Tabriz, Executed

1986

Mr. Payman Subhani,
Apr 28, Saravan, Mobbed

Mr. Sirru値lah Vahdat-Nizami,
May 4, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Fidrus Shabrukh,
May 9, Zahedan, Executed

Mr. Farid Bihmardi,
Jun 10, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Habibu値lah Muhtadi,
Aug 27, Tehran, Killed

Mr. Babak Talibi,
Sep 2, Karaj, Beaten

Mr. Iraj Mihdi-Nizhad,
Sep 4, Bandar-羨bbas, Mobbed

1987

Mr. Ahmad Kavih,r> Jan 26, Isfahan, Killed

Mr. Surush Jabbari,
Mar 3, Tehran, Killed

Mr. Abu値-Qasim Shayiq,
Mar 3, Tehran, Killed

Mr. Ardishir Akhtari,
Sep 28, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Amir-Husayn Nadiri,
Sep 28, Tehran, Executed

1988

Mr. Bihnam Pasha段,
presumably Nov, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Iraj Afshin,
presumably Nov, Tehran, Executed

Mr. Mihrdad Maqsudi,
Feb 16, Urmia, Killed

1992
Mr. Bahman Samandari,
Mar 18, Tehran, Executed
br> Mr. Ruhu値lah Ghedami,
Jun 17, on Qum Highway, Killed

1995

Mr. Shirvin Fallah,
Some time in Dec, Arak, Killed

1997

Mr. Mansur Dawlat,
Apr 4, Kerman, Killed

Mr. Shahram Reza段,
Jul 7, Rasht, Killed

Mr. Masha値lah Enayati,
Jul 4, Isfahan, Beaten to death in prison

1998

Mr. Ruhu値lah Rawhani,
Jul 21, Isfahan, Executed

2005

Mr. Dhabihu値lah Mahrami,
Dec 15, Yazd, Dec 15, Death in prison
2013

Mr Ataollah Rezvani murdered Bandar Abbas 24 August

~~~~~~~~~~ Persecution in Iran ~~~~~~~~~~~
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Aqa Buzurg-i-Khurasani, surnamed Badi

 17 years old

Martyred in Tihran 1869.

 

 

 

He is God, exalted is He.

We ask God to send one of His servants, and to detach him from the Contingent Being, and to adorn his heart with the decoration of strength and composure, that he may help his Lord amidst the concourse of creatures, and, when he becometh aware of what hath been revealed for His Majesty the King, that he may arise and take the Letter, by the permission of his Lord, the Mighty, the Bounteous, and go with speed to the abode of the King. And when he shall arrive at the place of his throne, let him alight in the inn, and let him hold converse with none till he goeth forth one day and standeth where he [i.e. the King] shall pass by. And when the Royal harbingers shall appear, let him raise up the Letter with the utmost humility and courtesy, and say, 'It hath been sent on the part of the Prisoner.' And it is incumbent upon him to be in such a mood that, should the King decree his death, he shall not be troubled within himself, and shall hasten to the place of sacrifice saying, 'O Lord, praise be to Thee because that Thou hast made me a helper to Thy religion, and hast decreed unto me martyrdom in Thy way! By Thy Glory, I would not exchange this cup for [all] the cups in the worlds, for Thou hast not ordained any equivalent to this, neither do Kawthar and Salsabil[1] rival it!' But if he [i.e. the King] letteth him [i.e. the messenger] go, and interfereth not with him, let him say, 'To Thee be praise, O Lord of the worlds! Verily I am content with Thy good pleasure and what Thou hast predestined unto me in Thy way, even though I did desire that the earth might be dyed with my blood for Thy love. But what Thou willest is best for me: verily Thou knowest what is in my soul, while I know not what is in Thy soul; and Thou art the All-Knowing, the Informed.'

[1][ The names of two rivers in Paradise.]

Baha'u'llah

(Addressed to the one who would carry the tablet to the Shah)

Badi' travelled on foot all the way to Tihran. On arrival in the summer of 1869, he discovered that the King was on a camping expedition. He made his way to the area and sat on top of a rock far away, but opposite the royal pavilion. There he sat for three days and three nights in a state of fasting and prayer, awaiting the passing of the royal escort. What thoughts must have passed through his mind as he communed with his Lord, and what feelings of emotion must have filled his being as he sat so close to fulfilling the sacred mission with which he was entrusted, no one can say. One thing we can be sure of, that he possessed a supreme power and a supreme joy and was confident of victory.

On the fourth day, the Shah looking through his binoculars spotted a man dressed in a white garb sitting motionless and in a most respectful attitude on a rock opposite. He guessed that he had some demand to make for justice or was seeking help for his difficulties. He sent his men to find out who he was and what he wanted. Badi' told them that he had a letter from a very important personage for the Shah and must hand it to him personally. The officers searched him and then brought him to the King. It seems very surprising that these officials, drunk with pride, ruthless and cruel in every way, did not grab the letter from him and walk away. The only explanation is that they must have felt the extraordinary power with which Bah'u'll疉 had invested His messenger. Otherwise, it was very unusual to allow an ordinary citizen to come and meet the sovereign face to face.

Only those well versed in the history of Persia in the nineteenth century can appreciate the immense dangers which faced an ordinary person like Badi' wishing to meet a palace official, let alone the King. A despot such as N疽iri'd-Dn Sh疉 ruled his country with a rod of iron. The government officials showed their authority through tyranny. They were accustomed to deal ruthlessly with anyone who dared to utter a word, or raise a finger against them or the established regime. The mere sighting of a soldier wearing the military uniform, or of a low-ranking government officer, was sufficient to frighten people away. As these men passed through the streets most people showed their respect for them; sometimes they had to bribe them and the timid often ran away.

To meet the King was far more frightful! When the forward section of the royal escort arrived in the street, the cry of the herald who announced to the public the approach of the King's entourage would strike terror into the hearts of the citizens. It was a familiar term to all when he shouted: 'Everyone die', 'Everyone go blind.' The significance of these instructions was that as the King and his men passed by, everyone must stand still as a dead corpse and all eyes must be cast down as if blind.

Knowing the circumstances which prevailed at the time, we can appreciate the courage and steadfastness of Badi' and the spirit of ascendancy and superhuman audacity which this youth of seventeen manifested as he stood assured and confident, straight as an arrow, face to face with the King. Calmly and courteously he handed him the Tablet and in a loud voice movingly called out the celebrated verse from the Qur'疣: 'O King, I have come unto thee from Sheba with a weighty message.'[1]

[1 Qur'疣 xxvii, 22. This verse differs slightly from what Badi' uttered in the presence of the Shah. The verse refers to words which were addressed to Solomon by his messenger, Hoopoe, a mystical bird, when it brought for him tidings from Sheba.]

Badi' was arrested. The Shah, who must have remembered the attempt on his life by two B畸s about two decades earlier, was taken aback by the courage and fearlessness of Bah'u'll疉's messenger. Sending the message to Mulla 'Aliy-i-Kani, a well-known Muslim divine, to provide an answer, he ordered his men to get from Badi', first through persuasion and promises, and then by torture if he refused to cooperate, the names of other Bah's. The officer in charge was Kazim Khan-i-Qarachih-Daghi. When he failed to persuade Badi' to reveal names of other Bah's to him, he ordered that he be stripped of his clothes and branded several times with hot bars of iron. Badi' endured these tortures for three successive days with a fortitude that astonished the officials who were watching him. They saw him utterly joyous while being tortured. It seemed to them that he was not feeling the pain; he often seemed to be laughing. This in spite of the fact that at times the smoke and smell created by the burning flesh was so intense that some officials could not stand it and had to leave the tent. The Shah, who was usually eager to see the photographs of prisoners, ordered a photograph to be taken of Badi', especially when he had heard the stories of his fortitude under torture. This photograph shows the brazier of fire containing the rods of iron in the foreground and is the best testimony to the spirit of steadfastness and resignation, of calm and assurance which Badi''s face portrays.

As the three successive days of torture by branding yielded no information about the identity of other believers, the Chief Officer, Kazim Khan, threatened Badi' with death unless he cooperated. Badi' smiled at this threat and, as he did not reveal any name, his head was beaten to a pulp with a butt of a rifle. His body was thrown into a pit and earth and stones heaped upon it. This was in July 1869.

(Adib Taherzadeh, The Revelation of Baha'u'llah v 3,)

 

 

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